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80mg/100ml in blood
107mg/100ml in Urine
In the United Kingdom it is an offence to refuse to provide a specimen of breath, blood or urine for analysis. The penalties for refusing are equivalent to those applied where a positive specimen is given; a maximum six months' imprisonment, a fine of up to £5000 and a minimum 12 months' driving ban. Causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs carries a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison, a minimum two-year driving ban and a requirement to pass an extended driving test before the offender is able to drive legally again.
The offence of driving whilst under the influence of alcohol is one to which there is no defence, as such (although defences such as duress or automatism, which are not specific to the offence of driving with excess alcohol, may apply in certain rare circumstances). However, it may be possible to argue that special reasons exist which are such that you should not be disqualified from driving despite having committed the offence.The BMA have in the past sought to have the drink/drive level reduced to 50mg/100mls blood. Is it feasible to reduce the level to less than 50mg/100mls blood?. Campaign groups want a zero level? Whilst this may be desirable is it practical scientifically?.
Drink drive limits in other countries (randomly selected examples)
Indonesia No limit
United Arab Emirates Zero
Czech Republic Zero
Austria 0.05% and 0.01% for drivers who held a licence for less than 2 years
Ireland 0.05% generally or 0.02% for learner drivers
Spain 0.05% and 0.03% for drivers with less than 2 years experience
Scotland currently consulting on reducing the alcohol limit to 50mg/100mls breath
Tasmania Zero limit for learner, truck, bus and Taxi drivers
New Zealand operates a program called Compulsory Breath Testing. This allows police to stop motorists at anytime and anywhere without first having reasonable cause to suspect a driver has been drinking. CBT is usually carried out at roadside Checkpoints but mobile patrol cars can also stop random motorists for a test. The police also carry out roadside drug tests upon motorists they suspect have used drugs.
The principle questions are thus: